He said that while he was aware the government had said the elections will be held the latest in September next year, the US government hopes the elections can be held much sooner.On issues of accountability, Blake said it is the hope of the US government that three years after the end of the conflict, there can be a credible and transparent accounting, investigation and prosecution of some of the outstanding and serious allegations of human rights violations, as well as progress on the missing. Blake also called for early provincial council elections in the north despite the announcement by President Mahinda Rajapaksa that elections will be held in September next year. “We always supported a domestic process,” Blake told reporters hours after meeting with officials from the government and opposition including President’s Secretary Lalith Weeratunga who heads the committee involved in preparing the LLRC action plan. He also encouraged an early resumption of talks between the TNA and the government to agree on powers to be devolved to the provinces.Report by Easwaran Rutnam US Under Secretary of State for South and Central Asian Affairs Robert Blake says there are questions on the commitment of the government in implementing the action plan of the Lessons Learned and Reconciliation Commission (LLRC).Addressing the media in Colombo today following the end of his visit to Sri Lanka, Blake said that the action plan is fairly detailed and having a timeline is also good but yet there needs to be progress in the implementation process.
Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Related2017 set to be hottest non-El Nino year — UNNovember 6, 2017In “World”Last three years hottest on record — UNJanuary 18, 2018In “latest news”Global warming outpaces efforts to slow it — UNNovember 27, 2018In “World” By Matt McGrathEmissions from human activities have levelled off but concentrations in the atmosphere continue to grow (Getty Images)(BBC) Concentrations of CO2 in the Earth’s atmosphere surged to a record high in 2016, according to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).Last year’s increase was 50% higher than the average of the past 10 years.Researchers say a combination of human activities and the El Niño weather phenomenon drove CO2 to a level not seen in 800,000 years.Scientists say this risks making global temperature targets largely unattainable.This year’s greenhouse gas bulletin produced by the WMO, is based on measurements taken in 51 countries. Research stations dotted around the globe measure concentrations of warming gases including carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide.The figures published by the WMO are what’s left in the atmosphere after significant amounts are absorbed by the Earth’s “sinks”, which include the oceans and the biosphere.2016 saw average concentrations of CO2 hit 403.3 parts per million, up from 400ppm in 2015.“It is the largest increase we have ever seen in the 30 years we have had this network,” Dr Oksana Tarasova, chief of WMO’s global atmosphere watch programme, told BBC News.“The largest increase was in the previous El Niño, in 1997-1998 and it was 2.7ppm and now it is 3.3ppm, it is also 50% higher than the average of the last ten years.”El Niño impacts the amount of carbon in the atmosphere by causing droughts that limit the uptake of CO2 by plants and trees.Emissions from human sources have slowed down in the last couple of years according to research, but according to Dr Tarasova, it is the cumulative total in the atmosphere that really matters as CO2 stays aloft and active for centuries.Over the past 70 years, says the report, the increase in CO2 in the atmosphere is nearly 100 times larger than it was at the end of the last ice age.Rapidly increasing atmospheric levels of CO2 and other gases have the potential, according to the study to “initiate unpredictable changes in the climate system… leading to severe ecological and economic disruptions.”The study notes that since 1990 there has been a 40% increase in total radiative forcing, that’s the warming effect on our climate of all greenhouse gases.“Geological-wise, it is like an injection of a huge amount of heat,” said Dr Tarasova.“The changes will not take ten thousand years like they used to take before, they will happen fast – we don’t have the knowledge of the system in this state, that is a bit worrisome!”According to experts, the last time the Earth experienced a comparable concentration of CO2 was three to five million years ago, in the mid-Pliocene era. The climate then was 2-3C warmer, and sea levels were 10-20m higher due to the melting of Greenland and the West Antarctic ice sheets.Other experts in the field of atmospheric research agreed that the WMO findings were a cause for concern.Droughts related to El Niño, such as this one in Colombia, limited the ability of plants and trees to soak up carbon (Getty Images)“The 3ppm CO2 growth rate in 2015 and 2016 is extreme – double the growth rate in the 1990-2000 decade,” Prof Euan Nisbet from Royal Holloway University of London told BBC News.“It is urgent that we follow the Paris agreement and switch rapidly away from fossil fuels: there are signs this is beginning to happen, but so far the air is not yet recording the change.”Another concern in the report is the continuing, mysterious rise of methane levels in the atmosphere, which were also larger than the average over the past ten years. Prof Nisbet says there is a fear of a vicious cycle, where methane drives up temperatures which in turn releases more methane from natural sources.“The rapid increase in methane since 2007, especially in 2014, 2015, and 2016, is different. This was not expected in the Paris agreement. Methane growth is strongest in the tropics and sub-tropics. The carbon isotopes in the methane show that growth is not being driven by fossil fuels. We do not understand why methane is rising. It may be a climate change feedback. It is very worrying.”The implications of these new atmospheric measurements for the targets agreed under the Paris climate pact, are quite negative, say observers.“The numbers don’t lie. We are still emitting far too much and this needs to be reversed,” said Erik Solheim, head of UN Environment.“We have many of the solutions already to address this challenge. What we need now is global political will and a new sense of urgency.”The report has been issued just a week ahead of the next instalment of UN climate talks, in Bonn. Despite the declaration by President Trump that he intends to take the US out of the deal, negotiators meeting in Germany will be aiming to advance and clarify the rulebook of the Paris agreement.