August 16, 2013This continues our report from 8/14/2013 about the creation of bronze bells.Before reassembling the flask, the artisans use a hollow metal tube to perforate the top of the negative bell impression and then, using a spoon, they carve a small concave circle around the top of the bell, as we see Rawaf doing in the picture to the left. This allows for a smoother pouring of the bronze into the mold.[photos and text by Soleri archive intern Julia Dorn-Giarmoleo]In the meantime, the furnace where the bronze is melted gets loaded up. Here is Andy putting unusable bells and other pieces of scrap bronze in the furnace to be melted down and re-used.The two sides of the flask are then reassembled, the wooden flask is taken off and the molds are lined up on the ground. A metal or plastic frame is then put around the sand mold, as Jonas is pictured doing in this photo. Ingots are then placed on the molds to prevent any possible movement.Two artisans, (pictured here are Andy and Jonas) don protective clothing, and lift the crucible containing the molten bronze out of the furnace.They carefully pour the bronze into each of the molds. The other artisans follow the pouring with shovels, so that should any bronze fall onto the cement or out of the mold, they can quickly throw sand on it to prevent any danger or injury.The molds are then left to cool for about an hour, or until the bronze is solidified. This report will continue on Monday.
On a global basis the average internet connection speed increased by 17% year-on-year in the second quarter, according to Akamai’s latest State of the Internet report.Content delivery network (CDN) provider Akamai said that the average global connection speed was 5.1Mbps in Q2, up 3.5% quarter-over-quarter, while the average speeds among the top 10 countries and regions all remained “well above 10 Mbps.”Global peak connection speeds increased to 32.5 Mbps on average, and increased in every top 10 country/region except Sweden, which remained unchanged from the first quarter at 62.8 Mbps, according to the study.Eight of the top 10 saw average peak speeds greater than 70 Mbps, while Singapore was the only country that saw a double-digit quarterly gain – a 12% increase to 108.3 Mbps.Other countries that ranked among the top 10 were Romania with speeds of 72.1 Mbps and Macao with an average of 62.6 Mbps.“We continued to see healthy increases in key connection speed metrics, particularly on a year-over-year basis. The improvement in connection speeds is vital as more content, not the least of which is video at increasingly higher levels of quality, is being delivered over the internet,” said David Belson, editor of the Akami report.Globally, 110 out of 144 qualifying countries/regions saw average connection speeds increase from the previous quarter, with growth rates ranging from a modest 0.4% in Senegal (1.5 Mbps) to a substantial 67% inTunisia (2.8 Mbps), according to the report.The study is based on data gathered from the Akamai Intelligent Platform.